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Brownstone Law

Brownstone Law Files Petition to United States Supreme Court

Jackson v. United States Petition for Writ of Certiorari

The Sixth Circuit’s decision in Ruelas v. Wolfenbarger, 580 F.3d 403 (6th Cir. 2009) acknowledged that this court’s seminal decision in Fry v. Pliler, 551 U.S. 112 (2007) did not overule Mitchell v. Esparza, 540 U.S. 12 (2003) (per curiam). In Ruelas, the Sixth Circuit held that a federal habeas court is free to apply the Esparza harmless error standard to determine whether a state court of appeals reasonably applied the Chapman harmless error standard on direct review. In the decision below, infra, App. 3a, the court of Appeals applied this standard. However, the Kentucky Supreme Court did not apply the Chapman harmless error standard on direct review.

Brownstone Law Petitions U.S. Supreme Court

Read more about the Petition here:  Petition for Writ of Certiorari.

This case presents the following questions:


  1. Whether the Sixth Circuit erred in applying the Esparza harmless error standard, instead of the Brecht harmless error standard on federal habeas review, when the state court failed to apply Chapman on direct review.


  1. Whether a trial court’s erroneous denial of a request for a self-protection instruction as to the lesser included offenses of second-degree manslaughter and reckless homicide may be deemed harmless.

Contact Robert Sirianni to discuss more about your appeal.

Federal Appeal Lawyers In Antitrust
Author Name
Robert L Sirianni
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